Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa with total population of over 100 million. Oromia (33%), Amhara (21%) and SNNPR (18%) account for over 80% of the national population. Agriculture accounts for 39% of the national GDP and 80% of the national employment. The Ethiopian agricultural sector is predominantly smallholder farmers. According to CSA (2015/16) the country had close to 12.5 million ha land covered by grain production; Oromia, Amhara and SNNPR accounting for close to 90%. From the total stock of agricultural production; cereals, pulses and oilseeds account for 87%, 10.5% and 2%, respectively.
Ethiopia is the third largest crop producer in Africa. According to COMTRADE (2015), the country is the 13th largest exporter of pulses in the world and the second leading in Africa only after Nigeria. It is the top producer of faba bean, chickpea, feld pea, grass pea and lentils within the continent and among the top 10 producers in the world. Ethiopia grows over 12 types of pulses; ranging from the conventional pulses such as faba beans, chickpea up to the recently emerging ones such as mung bean.