Value chain analysis and business modeling on Haricot bean and Chickpea in SNNPR: Ethiopia

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Ethiopia produces 2.8 million MT of pulses per year with estimated annual value of $ 2 billion USD. Pulses account for 10% and 13% of the national annual production and coverage, respectively by smallholder farmers. Though inconsistent, volume of pulse production has increased by over 400,000 MT over the last fve years. Oromia and Amhara Regions are the leading producers of pulses accounting for over 85% of the national pulse production while the SNNPR region accounts for 13%. The most prominent pulses within SNNPR are: haricot bean, faba beans, feld pea and chickpea. Farmers grow pulses for three main reasons: (1) household consumption and human nutrition; (2) household income; and (3) soil health.
Publication Date: 
Friday, September 1, 2017

Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa with total population of over 100 million. Oromia (33%), Amhara (21%) and SNNPR (18%) account for over 80% of the national population. Agriculture accounts for 39% of the national GDP and 80% of the national employment. The Ethiopian agricultural sector is predominantly smallholder farmers. According to CSA (2015/16) the country had close to 12.5 million ha land covered by grain production; Oromia, Amhara and SNNPR accounting for close to 90%. From the total stock of agricultural production; cereals, pulses and oilseeds account for 87%, 10.5% and 2%, respectively. 

 

Ethiopia is the third largest crop producer in Africa. According to COMTRADE (2015), the country is the 13th largest exporter of pulses in the world and the second leading in Africa only after Nigeria. It is the top producer of faba bean, chickpea, feld pea, grass pea and lentils within the continent and among the top 10 producers in the world. Ethiopia grows over 12 types of pulses; ranging from the conventional pulses such as faba beans, chickpea up to the recently emerging ones such as mung bean.